Rita Isaac, an independent expert on national minorities at the United Nations, said that half of the world’s languages (there are more than 6,000 languages in the world) are likely to be extinct by the end of this century and demanded that governments do everything possible to protect national communities and their linguistic heritage as soon as possible. Unfortunately, at present, governments pay little attention to this problem. On the contrary, even large States with European values and developed democracies infringe on the rights of national minorities. Only in recent days, the Laws adopted in Ukraine and Latvia severely violate the rights of national minorities, restrict the ability to communicate in their native language and do not allow children to learn their native language and preserve their national traditions. And this applies to large ethnic groups, such as Hungarians and Russians. And what should smaller Nations do if they can’t give their voice to protect their rights, to protect their desire to preserve their culture and pass it on to their children? OUR Meridian center (www.cf-meridian.com) tries to help national minorities. Organizes classes on the history of small Nations, seminars and concerts of national songs, helps with literature about the historical roots of small Nations.
Protecting the rights of national linguistic minorities is a human rights obligation and an essential component of good governance, attempts to prevent tension and conflict, and the creation of an equal and politically and socially stable society. In order to create unity out of diversity, a dialogue with all stakeholders is necessary, including on the appropriate harmonization of language needs and rights of all population groups. This is the only way to keep the peace. And infringement of the rights of even a small part of the population always leads only to non-violence, protests and, as a result, to inciting wars.
Interesting traditions in the world
The independent state of Samoa is an island state in the South Pacific ocean that occupies the Western part of the archipelago of the same name. Samoans are used to following the tradition of sniffing each other when they meet. Currently, this is a tribute to tradition, and before, a person was sniffed to understand where he came from. Samoans could tell all sorts of things by their smell. For example, when he ate the last time, how much time he walked through the jungle. But the most common thing that was done by smell was to identify an outsider.
In New Zealand, Maori people also have an unusual tradition of saying Hello. Their noses touch each other. After they touched noses, this person became a friend, not an ordinary person. It is worth noting that this tradition is observed even at the highest level. If you see a President rubbing against another President’s nose, you may not be surprised. These are the customs and culture of this country, so you can not ignore them. The peoples of the North of Russia have a similar tradition. Small people Eskimos greet in the same way. But in Eskimos, this is due to the conditions of the cold North, since often the nose is the only part of the face that is not covered with clothing from the cold and winds.
In Tibet, it is customary to show the language. This custom goes back to ancient times. Then there was a tyrant with a black tongue. The people of Tibet were afraid that even after death, the tyrant would move in and commit outrages, so they began to show their language to each other in order to protect themselves.
In Kenya, a young spouse is required to wear women’s clothes and perform all women’s duties for a month after the wedding. Kenyans believe that this is how a man will understand that being a woman is not so easy, which means that he will respect his second half.
Highlanders Of Scotland
Mountaineers can be called any nation that lives in the highlands. But the greatest popularity was acquired by the inhabitants of the mountainous regions of Scotland. Mountain clans of Scotland in the local dialect are called “Highlander”.
The wars of Scotland that went from sword to musket, first served in the Scottish army later began to fight on the side of Britain.
Because of their clothes and strength, they were nicknamed “ladies from hell”, but the mountaineers were always very strong and courageous, for example, in one of the battles the mountaineers were tired and exhausted, but they were very enthusiastic and they took the kilt and went into battle with with all his anger and pride in the country
Checkered plaids were massively used by Scottish soldiers during the civil wars of the mid-17th century as cheap outerwear – a rug was wrapped around the waist, the remainder of the fabric was thrown over his shoulder, and in case of bad weather they simply wrapped themselves around the throat. It is this way of wearing a blanket (wrapped around a belt around his pants and throwing over his shoulder) and was called originally “kilt”. Then of the rugs they sewed skirts, as this was the cheapest way to dress soldiers and they quickly gained popularity in Scotland.
Over the past century, the difference between mountain peoples and peoples living on the plains of Scotland has been eroded by the expulsion of highlanders from the highlands. The result of the deportation of the mountaineers was the destruction of the traditional clan system of Scots, mass migration on the coast of the sea, the Scottish lowlands, to America and Canada. The martial spirit of the wild Scots was left only in ancient legends and legends, individual traditions and festivals. The most interesting and informative are the “Highlander Games”, which sometimes Scots arrange and show tourists. The main participants of these competitions are musicians (masters of bagpipe playing) and athletes who compete in throwing stone and hammer and pushing logs. Thus the Scots revive their national traditions. Thanks to the bright national costumes and the warm atmosphere of the holiday, these events are very interesting and colorful.
Today we will talk about such people as the Eskimos.
In the north, in an incredibly harsh weather conditions, there lives a small ethnic group of people – Eskimos. Everyone knows that they go in warm fur coats, hunt with the help of harpoons. And on this usually general knowledge ends. After reading the article, you will learn not a few interesting and entertaining facts about this amazing people.
The Eskimos are an amazing people whose culture is fully adapted to the conditions of the Far North and we only know that they are in constant struggle with the harsh elements.
The population of this people extends from the eastern edge of Chukotka to Greenland.
Very few people knew, but in English, the word “Eskimo” is used in another name of the people – “Inuit”. The reason for this is that the Eskimos themselves perceive the name of their people as offensive – in their opinion, in translation it means “one who eats raw meat.”
Every nation has its own “quirks”. We all have heard about the Eskimo kiss more than once. But this is not even a kiss, but just a mutual touch and a slight rubbing of the noses. It is assumed that in the cold, the Eskimos do not kiss on the lips, because they can freeze to each other. But in fact, they have no clothes and only eyes and nose, so with their help they greet each other.
Inuit people, because of necessity, are sufficiently skilled in making warm, durable clothes. According to the heat-saving clothes Eskimo there is no equal, because in traditional Eskimo clothes can safely be in the cold at -50 degrees for many hours.
In 1912, the researcher found a strange tribe of Inuit, which consisted entirely of blondes, tall, similar to Scandinavians. This caused a stormy discussion about the nature of this tribe. Most people eventually agreed that these blond Inuit in the Canadian Arctic were descendants of the Vikings who had come here at the dawn of the century. However, DNA research in 2003 disproved this hypothesis. The fact is that with conjugal relationships and closely related incest, blondes are often born.
Although contact with European culture gave them access to firearms and other modern weapons, the traditional weapons of the Inuit were made of stone or bones of dead animals. They did not have the ability to forge metal, so that bone was one of the main features of their weapons. The bows were made of leather, bones and tendons.
There are hundreds of such peoples on Earth, and everyone carefully keeps their customs, language and culture. We try to provide all possible assistance to these people – www.cf-meridian.com
If a person forgets his culture and his language, then he will forget his closest ancestors. Who will this person be? And is it so good for developed countries to have citizens without history? Such a person will not feel comfortable living in modern society and the congestion of such groups of people will negatively affect the development of the country and even dangerously with social explosions. If states pay so little attention to this problem, the Meridian Center calls on people who have the opportunity to help ethnic groups preserve the history of their ancestors. -http: //cf-meridian.com/donate/
Consent and social progress in society is possible only if people of all nationalities live in friendship and respect the culture of their neighbors. People! In addition, it’s just interesting to know everything about the development of mankind on Earth, about the peoples of its inhabitants and about their identity. Let us not destroy the legacy and uniqueness of the Earth.
The Khasi Tribe
In India, there are two indigenous matrilineal tribes, that is, those in which the transfer of name and property goes through the maternal line. One of them, Khasi, has a population of 1.2 million and inhabits most of Meghalaya state, which is also located in North-Eastern India, as well as in the neighboring border areas of Assam state and in some parts of Bangladesh. Khasis make up the majority of the population of Meghalaya state-about 50 percent or 1,720,000 people. They call themselves “Ki Khun U Hynñiewtrep”, which means “Children of the seven huts” in the Khasi language. The Khasi language forms its own group within the mon-Khmer languages of the austroasiatic family.
There are several theories that answer the question of whether the Khasi were always a matrilineal people. The most logical explanation seems to me: the men of the tribe spent too much time in the wars and could not properly take care of their families, so at some point they transferred ownership to their daughters. But not to their sons, who would have gone to war sooner or later.
In Khasi culture, women are traditionally held in high esteem, and any disparagement of them is seen as undermining social norms. Daughters here are much more desirable children, they are the continuers of the family. If only boys are born in a family, they start looking at it with pity. Khasi also does not have arranged marriages. After falling in love, people just start living together in the same house — most often it is a woman’s house, because men simply do not have any property here. Such cohabitation is equivalent to marriage. Khasi are Christians, and in recent years many couples have come to the Church to get married. There is a positive attitude to divorce and remarriage, and in Shillong, young girls often choose to live alone.
In Khasi, girls and women are Central to society, and the mission of procreation makes them very self-confident. The purpose of this article was to reflect the outstanding role and contribution of women in Khasi culture.
There are hundreds, even millions, of such peoples as the Khasi, and each one carefully preserves its own customs, language, and culture. We are trying to provide all possible assistance to this people – http://cf-meridian.ru/
If States pay so little attention to this problem, the Meridian Center encourages people who have the opportunity to help ethnic groups preserve the history of their ancestors. – http://cf-meridian.ru/pozhertvovanie/
Harmony and social progress in society is possible only if people of all nationalities live in friendship and respect the culture of their neighbors. People ! In addition , it is simply interesting to know everything about the development of humanity on Earth, about the peoples who inhabit it and about their identity. Let’s not let the heritage and uniqueness of the Earth be destroyed.
The Zulu people of Africa
The Zulus are an African people of about 10 million people, living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal in the Republic of South Africa. Small groups of Zulus also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique.
The term “Zulus” itself originated around 1709, when one of the strongest Zulu chiefs, cantombela, founded a new clan. Literally,” Zulu “(amaZulu) translates as “children of the sky”.
In the pre-colonial era, the Zulus led a traditional semi-primitive lifestyle. Their main occupations were farming, pastoralism, craft, hunting, and tribal warfare. Boys were given weapons from an early age, teaching them military skills. Growing up, a young fighter could not only protect his family from enemies, but also as part of the generic “army” to capture new lands or cattle.
As for religion, there is no unity or steadfastness of religion among the modern Zulus. Some of them are Christians (either Catholic or Protestant), while others have remained faithful to traditional beliefs. Earlier, in the pre-colonial period, everyone revered the ancestral cult and animistic beliefs. The main religious figure was Unkulunkulu – the highest (heavenly) spirit, which is in one person and the first founder and demiurge. According to the ancient Zulus, Unkulunkulu is able to influence the natural elements, but it does not interfere with the private life of people. It was thanks to his wise help that people learned how to make fire, engage in agriculture, lead a life, use tools and tame cattle. Mediating between deities and mortals, according to ancient Africans, were the souls of deceased ancestors. Spirits were considered full members of the family, family, and the entire community, playing a significant role in everyday life.
Zulu is the language of the Bantu family, which belongs to the Nguni group and is close to the Xhosa and Swati languages. Zulu is the most common language in South Africa. Many Zulus also speak English, Portuguese, Sesotho and other languages of South Africa.
Today, the Zulus, in contrast to such tribes as the Maasai or Bushmen, have largely lost the traditional and distinctive features of their ancient culture. Their clothing, behavior, and way of life have become more civilized, they have become more educated and culturally developed, but certain traditions and customs are still relevant. And this, first of all, concerns folk art and religious views.
In modern times, most of the tribe’s members are mining workers, and some of them play a major role in South Africa’s politics and economy – they hold the highest government positions. The most striking example is the current President of South Africa, Jacob Zuma, a Zulu by nationality.
Talented and original, brave and inquisitive, in some ways still mysterious and successfully adapting to the conditions of an ever-changing environment, the “children of the sky” Zulus are an important component of the indigenous African population. Their unique history and culture still holds many unsolved mysteries that humanity has yet to uncover.
There are a lot of such peoples as the Zulus, and everyone carefully preserves their customs, language and culture and traditions. We are trying to provide all possible assistance to this people – http://cf-meridian.ru/
If States pay so little attention to this problem, the Meridian Center encourages people who have the opportunity to help ethnic groups preserve the history and culture of their ancestors.
AMA- Ndebele tribe
Today we will talk about the AMA-Ndebele tribe, originally from South Africa.
The AMA-Ndebele — Ndebele) are a people of the Nguni group living in South Africa, in the former Transvaal province. The Ndebele were one of the Nguni clans that lived on the Eastern coast of South Africa.
Men from the Ndebele tribe paint houses with colorful ornaments, and women wear jewelry made of brass and beads weighing up to 25 kg. the Woman with the longest neck was considered the most beautiful in the AMA-Ndebele tribe.
From early childhood, women of this people wore brass hoops around their necks, so that the neck could lengthen by 40-50 cm. These hoops could not be removed, since the lack of neck muscles would lead a woman to immediate death.
It is now rare to see such things on young girls. A woman who was seen cheating, her husband removed one ring from her neck, which was considered a disgrace and the consequences were tragic.
There are many such peoples as AMA-Ndebele, and each of them carefully preserves its customs, history, culture and traditions. We try to provide all possible assistance to this people, and Harmony and social progress in society is possible only if people of all nationalities live in peace and friendship, and respect the culture of their neighbors. People ! In addition , it is just interesting to know everything about the development of humanity on Earth, about the peoples who inhabit it and about their identity. Let’s not let the heritage and uniqueness of the Earth be destroyed.
The Himba Tribe
In the North of the country, near the border with Angola, in the province of Caocoland, lives a striking tribe of Himba. This tribe is secretive and does not want “outsiders” in their environment, but recently they have begun to allow people from the “outside” world to come to them from time to time, thereby allowing people to learn more about them. One thing attracts guests: the amazing beauty and special, strange grace of the Himba woman.
Himba live by cattle breeding. In fact, the only thing they have is skinny, but very unpretentious and tenacious cows of a special breed, ready, almost like camels, to do without water for weeks. By selling these cattle in rare and special cases, the Himba get a little money. They don’t need clothes – unless plastic flip-flops are useful in this rocky desert. They do not use utensils – except for gourds, which are sometimes replaced with large plastic bottles of drinking water. And in General, it seems, do not suffer from the absence of all these attributes of civilization.
There are only two items that have become a necessity for them and are widely used in everyday life. First, these are different types of combs and combs, which Himba women spend hours combing a special kind of “POM-poms”, crowning their whimsical and complex structure of hairstyles.
And secondly, the colorful cellophane rustling bags from the supermarket, which they are ready to decorate themselves and their amazing toilets, and store all their belongings in them, and tie children to their belts, and also use in a thousand ways, sometimes quite unexpected.
The Himba has almost no water at all: every drop that can be extracted will be carefully preserved and drunk. To wash with water also-this is impossible to imagine here. Since time immemorial, the Himba has been helped to survive by a magic ointment that they owe to their famous red skin tone: a mixture of oil churned from the milk of their skinny cows, a variety of vegetable elixirs, and a bright red volcanic pumice “okra” ground into the finest powder. This composition is used by Himba women to smear the entire body and hair several times a day. The ointment helps maintain the necessary level of hygiene, protects against sunburn and insect bites. Surprisingly, the skin of Himba women is absolutely perfect. And they smell quite nice-except that a little bit of melted butter. The same supercream serves as the basis of the traditional hairstyle. Long “dreadlocks”, however, are built up about twice by someone else’s hair: usually male, most often with respect received from the father of the family.
Harmony and social progress in society is possible only if people of all nationalities live in peace and friendship and respect the culture of their neighbors. People ! In addition , it is simply interesting to know everything about the development of humanity on Earth, about the peoples who inhabit it and about their identity. Let’s not let the heritage and uniqueness of the Earth be destroyed.
Lake Bunyeni is located at an altitude of 1840 meters above sea level and is a water-filled crater of the volcano, which reaches a depth of 900 meters. There are 27 Islands on the lake, where representatives of the Bakiga tribe live in harmony with nature.
Now they try to live and look like Europeans, even to the point of skin bleaching, preference for those who speak English, reluctance to speak their native language, and acceptance of the Protestant and Catholic faith. Their national culture is almost completely lost and, in fact, the once thriving tribe of hunters and farmers is in a very poor state – their forests are cut down, pastures are occupied, culture is lost and prospects for a better life are doubtful. The Bakiga tribe – the First thing you can hear from other Ugandan peoples is that the bakiga are “people who work hard”. They are also called “inflexible”, a quality that is common to people living in mountainous areas. They believed in the existence of a certain being Ruhang-the Creator of all life and a female being who controls the rain.
The most terrifying aspect of their culture was the cruel punishment inflicted on unmarried pregnant women who were either left to die on a desert island or thrown off rocks.
Akampene or “punishment Island” – one of the Islands on the lake, which is associated with a very instructive story. On the island, pregnant unmarried girls were left tied to a tree as a warning to other women. Their only hope of survival was to free the sufferers of some of the poorest men, who did not even have a cow to pay their wife’s ransom. Of course, the custom has long been history, but even now there are still some places in the local settlements where you can find women who were subjected to such punishment in their time.
It is no secret that there are many peoples and tribes on Earth that are cut off from the civilized world. There are about 68 tribes in the Amazon jungle alone.
One of them is the Kayapo tribe. Living on the banks of the Heng river in the vos-exact part of the Amazon river basin in Brazil, they are one of the most mysterious natives of South America.
They are about three thousand people, engaged in gathering, hunting and fishing.
Since time immemorial, they have led their lives the way their ancestors lived. Observe all the traditions and rituals of their tribe. The most amazing thing about them is that the ancient God of the Kayapo tribe is depicted in a bizarre attire that closely resembles a spacesuit. If you believe the Kayapo legends, the leader who descended from the sky lived with the tribe for several years, and then flew to the sky again. He taught them a lot – fishing, hunting.
It is striking that in the tribe there are images not only of “spacesuits”, but also of aircraft. The question arises-where the tribe, which does not wear clothes and does not understand why it is needed, could take such information.
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small Nations of the world – http://cf-meridian.com/
The wild Amazon rainforest is mysterious and amazing. For a civilized person, this is a real exotic, populated-they are dangerous animals and reptiles.
There is another tribe in this part of the world – the Korubo tribe.
This is one of the wildest tribes that lives in the territory Brazilians. Like all tribes they were in the hunt, but unlike from others, their main occupation is raiding other tribes. Because of
instead, they are considered aggressive. The name of the tribe occurs from battle of the batons (borduas), which they use in many-numerical raids. Another difference from other tribes is that,
that they never paint their faces or get tattoos.
Men can have multiple wives.
The Korubo tribe is one of the last lost tribes of the Amazon river.
The people of the tribe of badjao
The bajao tribe is an exotic and unique people. This is perhaps the only tribe in the world that lives in the sea. On Lepa-Lepa boats, they spend their entire lives fishing for pearls. The bajao people, who are called sea nomads or sea Gypsies, spend their entire lives in boats, navigating the Coral triangle located in the Pacific ocean between Borneo, the Philippines and the Solomon Islands. Bajao life begins in a boat, they spend their lives without drinking water, electricity, education, and other benefits of civilization. And yet they are happy.
The bajao sea nomads are very religious. Their faith is a strange combination of animism and Islam. They believe that spirits live everywhere-in currents and tides, in coral reefs and mangroves. For them, the ocean is life, death, the past, and the future.
Bajao also has another cult: children. Sea Gypsies believe that life without children simply does not make sense. Babies born in boats, feel in the water, as in their native element. To a person from the civilized world, it seems incredible that children play with sea creatures as with kittens or puppies.
This badjao dive can be the envy of any professional divers. But they do it not for pleasure, but to feed themselves and their family. And they are also excellent cooks: hot sauce from the tails of stingrays, delicacies from sea cucumbers, octopuses and shellfish can be tasted, perhaps, only once they have a guest.
When diving for clams, the bajao take heavy iron objects that resemble crowbars with them. The extra weight helps them get to the bottom more easily, as well as “walk” on the reefs at the bottom. And they solve decompression problems very simply and radically-they specially pierce their eardrums. This allows divers to reach depths that are inaccessible to ordinary divers without special equipment.
Young men of this tribe regularly dive to a depth of sixty meters, holding their breath for a few minutes or using rubber tubes, through which they are pumped from above from boats.
Just look at this people, and to our universal regret, and it dissolves into civilization, but each person of this people carefully preserves their customs, language and culture. We are trying to provide all possible assistance to this people – http://cf-meridian.com/
The Yavalapiti tribe
The Yavalapiti tribe, which lives in the Amazon basin in Brazil, currently numbers no more than 200 people. The first mention of it is recorded in 1887. Back then, the settlement was like a small farm, and the local people were severely short of food and water. Despite the fact that three other tribes live in the vicinity of Yavalapiti, the inhabitants of the settlement almost died out in 1954. Then their number was only 25 people.
Each year, yawalapiti performing a ritual called “quarup” in memory of the dead. In 2012, “kvarup” was dedicated to an elder, whom the tribe has long considered its leader, and to the famous anthropologist, writer and politician Darcy Ribeiro, who made a huge contribution to solving the problem of educating the indigenous peoples of Brazil.
Such peoples as Yawalapiti very much, and each cherishes its own customs, language and culture. We are trying to provide all possible assistance to this people – http://cf-meridian.com/
Harmony and social progress in society is possible only if people of all nationalities live in peace and friendship, respect the culture of their neighbors and accept both the external and internal beauty of their neighboring peoples. People ! In addition , it is just interesting to know everything about the development of humanity on Earth, about the peoples who inhabit it and about their identity. Let’s not let the heritage and uniqueness of the Earth be destroyed.
The Korowai Tribe
We continue an interesting journey to the wild tribes of our country planets.
On the island of New Guinea several UDI live in the jungles of Papua in the case of tribes that build houses on trees. One of them the Korowai tribe. They build houses at a height of 15 to 50 meters.
This is the only way they feel safe from wild animals and mosquitoes. They also believe that their hut at a height of not witchcraft will work. They believe that witchcraft is only on the
ground. Such a house also protects their home from torrential rains in in case of flooding.
The walls of the huts consist of tightly woven palm leaves and tree bark. They have no clothes or household utensils. They never seen metal, use stone axes and knives made from animal bones, and hunt with a bow and spear.
The main source of food in the Korowai tribe is sago-Howe tree, from the fruits, leaves, and wood of which they prepare many different dishes.
Surprisingly, instead of Pets, they have wild pigs, which they also use to transport things.
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Berbers-the common name of the indigenous inhabitants of North Africa conquered in the VII century by the Arabs and converted to Islam from Egypt in the East, to the Atlantic ocean in the West, and from Sudan in the South to the Mediterranean sea in the North.
Berbers, a group of people who inhabit mainly the countries of North Africa (Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, oar), as well as Central and Western Sudan (Niger, Mali, Upper Volta, etc.
They do not need to buy advertising Newspapers and magazines to choose the latest building materials. With just a pick and shovel, Berbers build their homes for the ages.
They only need a suitable rock in a rocky desert. Rooms, kitchen and utility rooms are made quite high and spacious, regular square or rectangular shape. There are no Windows, and the floor is earthen and covered with homespun carpets. When the room is hollowed out, then immediately plan a ledge that replaces the bed or shelves.
The number of 11.52 million people in 1992. They speak Berber-Libyan languages. The religion is mainly Sunni Muslims.
The name Berbera, given by Europeans, is unknown to most of the Berber peoples themselves. Among the numerous Berber peoples there are four main ones:
– The amatzirgs live in Northern Morocco, on the extreme northwestern coast of the mainland and the northernmost part of the Atlas to the province of Tella.
– The Shillu people are in southern Morocco, occupying part of the great plain along the Um-er-Rebia and Tenzift, part of the southern Atlas to its extreme branches on the Atlantic ocean.
“The Kabila are a people in Algeria and Tunisia .
“The Berbers of the Sahara, who inhabit the deserts, live separated by vast spaces. The most famous of them: the nation Beni-mesab , or mozabite, Berbers inhabiting Hadam, Sogno (on the border of Fezzan), Audilo, Siwa, nation of moshegov, or Tuareg.
There are a lot of such peoples as Berbers, and each one carefully preserves its language and culture. We are trying to provide all possible assistance to this people. Just look at them, they build their own houses without the help of builders, they are masters of their craft. If States pay so little attention to this problem, the Meridian Center encourages people who have the opportunity to help ethnic groups preserve the history and culture of their ancestors.
In European culture, people have long ceased to recognize themselves as part of the whole and rely only on their own strength. But there are communities on the planet that live differently — as a single organism. Like the South American marubo tribe, which has one heart.
As you get closer to The marubo tribe’s habitat, you will see small structures around a cone – shaped house about 20 meters high-maloka. The entire Marubo tribe lives in this building.
Entering their so-called house, you will see a large number of hammocks that belong to one of the tribe and each person living there has its own place. In the middle is a table with a common meal.
In the forest, not far from the tribe, there are different trees. In this so-called forest grows a tree with purple bark – “purple heart”, the wood of which is highly valued for its density, strength and unusual Burgundy-purple hue.
A drum-ako is constructed from the wood of this tree. Two men from different sides sit down and knock on the ako. Local residents claim that ako helps us live, ako is also alive. The old ako dies, and to install a new one, you need to wait for an important event for the tribe: good or bad. Just as a man cannot live without a heart, so marubo cannot live without ako.
Ako sounds like several months. From constant blows, the wood is compacted, and the sound soon becomes insufficiently loud. For marubo, this will mean the obvious-ako has died and can no longer serve the tribe. The drum will be taken to the forest and thrown into the thicket. There is an unbearable silence in the tribe. But to make the next drum, the tribe will have to wait for a special occasion. A new ako will again set the rhythm of the tribe’s life and break the oppressive silence.
The marubo tribe is very amazing, each of this tribe tries to carefully preserve their customs, history, culture and traditions. We, in turn, try to provide all possible assistance to this people, because no matter who we are – http://cf-meridian.com/
Mexican uicholi tribe
The origins of the Mexican tribe, the uicholi still remains a mystery. According to the legends of the Indians themselves, they once inhabited the land where the Mexican state of San Luis Potosi is currently located. Scientists suggest that the Marina was once part of an guachichil ethnic group – warlike Indian tribe.
The size of the uicholi currently does not exceed 15 thousand people. For the first time they are mentioned in a manuscript of 1587. Together with the tribe of tepuke they are, defending their territory, attacked Spanish settlements and convoys.
Modern huichols are engaged in agriculture, hunting, and crafts. Amazing pictures of this tribe. They are made of woolen threads. According to the beliefs of the Indians, they serve as a guide to the world of spirits. A hole is made in the center of a square or round Board. The huichols believe that this is the eye through which man and God look at each other. Colored threads are placed on boards that are smeared with resin or wax on both sides.
uicholi in the tribe are made at the age of 14 to 17 years by prior agreement of the parents of the bride and groom. Polygamy is also allowed. Families settle in small communities on several ranches. Houses are built of Adobe bricks and stones and covered with thatched roofs. And next to the dwelling is built the so-called “house of God”, where the gods and ancestors are honored.
The tribe of the Marina have their own views on the origin of the world and the history of his people. It is embodied in myths, and any myth is a model for performing the actions described in it. Guided by myths, they sow various cereals and go hunting. According to uicholi lore, the world has a sacred dimension with great power, and the priests are able to penetrate it to establish a connection between the world of men and the world of the gods. In cult rituals, a cactus called peyote is used, which is a strong hallucinogen. Every year, thirty men from the community make a pilgrimage for peyote to the historic homeland of San Luis Potosi.
The tribe has legends about how an Indian gets into the afterlife. According to them, the one who dies must go through a thorny path. First, the deceased appears before the fork. An Indian who has lived a decent life turns to the right, and one who has led the wrong way of life should turn to the left. Those who have had connections with Spaniards or Spaniards during their lives should also turn to the left. Sinners will have to go through rocks and thorns. The path of the Indians, who have lived a decent and honest life, is easy. At the end of the road, the deceased Indian must subdue the dog (in real life, Indians do not like dogs). They must also prove to the sacred animal, the opossum, that they have never eaten its meat, and also get rid of the caterpillar that symbolizes sexual desires. Only after all this is done exactly, the Indian will have a happy afterlife.
All the existence of the uicholi imbued with magical bonds. In life, there are five directions for them: the four sides of the world and the fifth, the spiritual direction, which is a source of strength and enlightenment. A close relationship is established between nature and man: by dropping a grain of corn into the ground, the Indian believes that he is establishing a connection with the plant world.
Currently, the tribe lives in remote villages on the slopes of the mountain ranges of the Western Sierra Madre. World known Handicrafts of the uicholi: weaving and bead embroidery and patterned weaving. Their photos can be found in abundance on the Internet. The picture of the uicholi have been exhibited in galleries in the U.S., Europe and Russia.
Most of the tribe’s Indians can neither read nor write. But their age-old tradition of keeping Holy the uicholi, passing from generation to generation. And, even though this tribe knows quite a lot, the uicholi is one of the most closed Nations.
Tribe of the uicholi cherishes its own customs, language and culture.
Abenaki-an Indian tribe in the United States
Abenaki-an Indian tribe in the United States (Maine, new Hampshire, Vermont) — about 2.3 thousand people and in Canada-about 1 thousand. Maine currently has 3 abenak reservations for the Penobscot, passamaquoddy, and malesite tribes. Another 7 reservations are located in new Brunswick and Quebec. In addition, a significant portion of the abenaks do not have their own reservations and live in small scattered groups in new Hampshire and Vermont.
The abenaki Indians lived in what is now the United States (New England) and Canada (the Atlantic provinces of Eastern Canada). Even 9 years ago, abenaki live in the region of Quebec (Canada) and the state of Vermont (USA).
Abenaki and their ancestors lived in this area for at least 10,000 years and engaged in agriculture: they grew corn, beans, and pumpkins. Their settlements were mostly located in river valleys. They also hunted, fished, and gathered wild fruit. In agriculture, fish was often used as a fertilizer.
Many of the abenaki live in long houses, with oval roofs, but the most convenient home in the warm time of the year has a convex shape (the wigwam) covered with bark. In winter, the bark-covered wigwam had a conical shape.
People of this tribe could silently disappear into the forest and suddenly attack the enemy, during the warrior period. If before colonization in the tribe there were about 80 thousand Indians, then after the war with the Europeans there were less than one thousand. Now their number reaches 12 thousand, and they live mainly in Quebec (Canada).
There are a lot of such peoples as the abenaki, and everyone carefully preserves their customs, history, culture and traditions, and it is a great pity that such peoples disappear in the modern world.
The Hurons are a tribe numbering 40,000 people in the 17th century and living in Quebec and Ohio. They were the first to enter into commercial relations with the Europeans, and through their mediation trade between the French and other tribes began to develop. Today, only about 4,000 Hurons live in Canada and the United States.
The traditional Huron culture is typical of the Indians of northeastern North America. The main occupations were manual slash-and-burn farming and fishing. The Hurons hunted sturgeon, pike, trout, turtles, and shellfish. The main source of meat for the Hurons was the domestic dog. They actively participated in trade between tribes, but they had no internal exchange of goods.
The Hurons lived in fairly large, often fortified, villages, some of which numbered up to 3,000 — 6,000 inhabitants. Fortifications were solid wooden walls from 5 to 12 meters high, equipped with towers and battle galleries. The village itself was made up of so-called “long houses”, very solid buildings up to 50 — 60 meters long, about 12 meters wide and up to 8 meters high. The design of the houses was typical of North Woodland-a frame of logs covered with panels of elm, ash, or coniferous bark. The roof was formed by curved beams that gave the house a semi-cylindrical, tube-like shape.
On the axis of the house there was a free passage, and on the sides were fenced off separate rooms with sleeping bunks. The room was occupied by a single family. There was one common hearth for every two rooms. The largest houses had up to twenty rooms, but there were also more modest buildings for 6 to 10 families. Inside the houses were boxes made of bark for storing grain and a supply of dry firewood. The houses in the village were arranged in straight rows, and were separated by wide streets, which served as additional protection from fires. Each village had at least one Council house that was larger than the others.
The traditional religion of the Hurons is animism and belief in spirits, and shamanism. The main holiday was the commemoration of the dead, held once every 8-12 years, part of the holiday was the reburial of the remains in a common grave.
There are a lot of such peoples as the Hurons, and everyone carefully preserves their customs, history, culture and traditions, and it is a great pity that such peoples disappear in the modern world.
Mayans have been living in one of the most comfortable and favorable corners of our planet for a long time.
This is the most mysterious and majestic civilization on the planet, whose descendants still live in their historical homeland.
Currently, the Mayans are not much different from other peoples of the planet. But the fact remains that in the stone age, this people built several dozen amazing cities on a fairly large territory, far from each other. They consisted, among other things, of amazing pyramids and powerful stone buildings, dotted with strange masklike icons and various dashes.
The highest of the Mayan pyramids reach the size of the Egyptian pyramids. At present, it is still a mystery how these structures were built.
The Mayan people invented the exact solar calendar, writing (hieroglyphic), and used the concept of zero in mathematics
You just can’t imagine how they did it. In particular, they predicted solar and lunar eclipses, as well as predicted the day of judgment.
The name of the main Mayan tribal territory is the Yucatan Peninsula. The first Europeans who landed on the Peninsula asked the inhabitants what their land was called. The Indians answered them, “SIU tan,” which means ” I don’t understand you.” Since then, the Peninsula was called Sutan, and later the Yucatan.
Probably, the Mayan civilization originated in this territory.
You can help preserve the identity of the people by making a donation on the Meridian center’s website
The tribes that inhabit Australia are poorly understood. This is due to the strong settlement of tribes on the continent.
These people are called native Bushmen or natives. The word “Bushman” comes from “Bush” – vast areas covered with shrubs or stunted trees are typical of areas of Africa and Australia. The peoples of Australia form an independent Australoid race. They occupy not only the Australian mainland, but also nearby Islands.
Scientists distinguish two large groups. Only one is occupied by continental lands. The descendants of another family live in an archipelago located in the Torres Strait.
The ancestors of modern aborigines appeared on the mainland about fifty thousand years ago. They settled near fresh water reservoirs. They were mainly engaged in collecting edible mushrooms, berries and fruits, and were also skilled fishermen and hunters.
Australians currently speak a huge variety of languages. Some linguists counted more than 500 languages of Australians, others about two hundred.
Our planet is inhabited by a huge number of animals and mammals. Australia is home to six of the ten most venomous snake species in the world. The Australian cruel snake or coastal Taipan is the most venomous snake in the world. The venom of a single bite can kill about 100 people.
It’s no secret that the continent is inhabited by kangaroos and EMUs. They were chosen as symbols of the Australian coat of arms. Unlike most animals, it is rare to see them moving backwards.
Animals such as koalas also live in Australia. Surprisingly, apart from humans, this is the only animal in the world that has unique fingerprints. It is almost impossible to distinguish Koala fingerprints from human fingerprints.
Each nation is part of a unique and unique mosaic on the body of our planet.
The Datoga tribe
When it disappears the nation, our Land is getting poorer spiritually. Our indifference to disappearing cultures makes humanity impersonal over time. It is interesting to live in a diverse world. Let’s take care not only of our own culture, but also of someone else’s. Let’s make a donation
Africa is an amazing, exotic continent for us.
Kilimanjaro, Serengeti, Ngorongoro… These names caress the ear, excite the mind. Since childhood, we have heard about them and know them from adventure books.
Land, where there are stunning trees – the baobabs. Among the deserts, wild jungles and reservoirs there is a country – Tanzania. The Datoga tribe has existed in this country for a long time. These people have always been offended by their neighbors: either the tribes of Iraq, or the Maasai will attack. The fact is that the people of the Datoga tribe are very peaceful. And as you know, calm, smiling people are annoying ) Well, they did not want Datoga to fight with anyone, preferring to live peacefully, graze cattle and raise children. And they also used weapons only for hunting and never applied war paint.
An interesting fact is that this tribe is very conservative: they have not changed anything in their lives and everyday life for centuries. The datoga were able to keep the traditions of their ancestors unchanged, continuing to believe only in African spirits and trusting only the sorcerers of their tribe, and not outsiders.
Datog has a tradition of cauterizing the head and body of an infant between the ages of seven days and one month. In other words, it is a brand on the body and face. This is a very important tradition of this tribe, which is an important identification sign of tribal affiliation. By the scar on the forehead of the Datoga, it is unmistakable to recognize tribesmen and distinguish them from the Maasai who are close to them.
The dogona tribe
The dogona tribe is a small, unique African tribe whose main settlement, Aende, is located in Central Mali on the Bandiagara plateau. The uniqueness of this people is that from time immemorial they have associated their origin, worldview, culture and way of life with the star Sirius. Their calendar is directly related to the sixty-year cycle of the specified star.
The Dogon tribe’s way of life is still primitive. They do not have electricity, running water (water is extracted from wells) and other communications.
The most revered place for dogons is their altar, where they sacrifice a variety of domestic animals (bulls, chickens, rams). As a rule, they beg for the favor and blessing of their ancestors. In special situations, they turn to their deity Nommo, the snake – man, for help.
Since the life of the Dogon tribe is associated with the sixty-year cycle of Sirius, then the male tribesmen who have passed the age of sixty are the closest to the Kingdom of the ancestors, and therefore a shaman (Ogon) is elected from among them, whose duties include communicating with the ancestors, organizing sacrifices, and much more.
As for the origin of the tribe, it is unlikely that anyone will ever find out. But it is surprising that they knew not only the star Sirius, but also its companion – Sirius B – a dwarf star that scientists did not know anything about until the nineteenth Century. It was first photographed in 1970.
MORU-MANGBETU is a group of people in Zaire and Uganda with a Total population of 2.35 million. Language of the Shari-Nile branch of the Nilo-Saharan family. They adhere mainly to traditional beliefs. Mangbetu, originally from the lake Chad region, appeared in the Northern part of the forest zone a thousand years ago, but did not penetrate deep into the forest and settled on its outskirts. However, over the past few centuries, another powerful people of the savanna, the azande, have been pushing them and forcing them to go deeper into the forest. Mangbetu had a centralized state, and they preserved it primarily because it was possible to grow oil palm trees in the part of the forest they occupied. The palm tree grows from year to year without depleting the soil, and therefore mangbetu did not need to constantly change its habitat for economic reasons. Of all forest farmers, they are the most sedentary. In addition to the oil palm, mangbetu grows bananas, potatoes, manioc, peanuts, pumpkins, and tobacco. They also collect wild sesame and Eleusis. Like other forest farmers, they use wood ash as their only fertilizer. They use only rainwater, as rain falls evenly throughout the year. The men and women of the mangbetu people are also engaged in hunting, so they do not need to seek control of the local Mbuti, as Bira and others do. Mangbetu has developed a good relationship with Mbuti based on the exchange of products, plantations for forest products that are harvested by Mbuti. The women of the mangbetu tribe were very sophisticated – their hairstyles were complex structures: their hair was braided in thin braids and pulled up around a cone-shaped frame that expanded at the end. All this miracle of engineering was decorated with long bone hairpins.
The Indians Caporale.
Another corner of our world is the Amazon. There live Indians Caporale.
Tapirape (Tapirapé) is an Indian language belonging to the Tupi-Guarani group of the Tupi family, spoken by the tapirape people, who live at the mouth of the Aragwaya and Tapirape rivers in the northeastern state of Mato Grosso in Brazil.Even in ancient times, people who are not able to explain the phenomena of nature and what is happening around, gave all this magical properties. They worshipped animals, trees, and plants, and believed in the existence of supernatural abilities.
These tribes have unusual ideas about religion. The Indians, tribe tapirape worship the parasites. These children of nature believe that the spirits who created the world around them, after finishing their work, settled in parasites. Therefore, if any of the creatures — worms or lice-settle in or on your body, you will be cleansed of all sins, since you are carrying God on you. Those who try to get rid of parasites are declared “abandoned by spirits” and expelled from the village. In the middle Ages, monks were careful about lice that ate them, and called parasites “divine pearls”. There are some Parallels.
When it disappears the nation, our Land is getting poorer spiritually. Our indifference to disappearing cultures makes humanity impersonal over time. It is interesting to live in a diverse world. Let’s take care not only of our own culture, but also of someone else’s. Let’s make a donation
The African people of Dogon
Today we will talk about a small number of people who live in Africa. The dogons are not a very large African people, traditionally engaged in agriculture and living on the lands of the Republic of Mali, in the remote mountainous area of Bandiagara. According to Dogon legends, their ancestors came in the X-XI centuries from the upper reaches of the Niger river, from the country of Manden, in the territory of Sudan. They drove lived previously in Bandiagara population, having learned a lot from his culture and, possibly, adopting his language.
The dogons were isolated from the world for a long time, and therefore they preserved an archaic way of life, almost the same as that of their ancestors in the stone age. Despite the adoption of Islam by a large part of the dogons since the middle of the XIX century, and eventually the adoption of Christianity by a smaller part of the people, the dogons have preserved ancient beliefs that include primitive knowledge of nature. And they also have mysterious astronomical information. Surprisingly, this information largely coincides with modern knowledge. Curious fact: the people have no written language and knowledge is passed from mouth to mouth. As well as graphic drawings confirmed this knowledge.
The Dogon mystery was first discussed in their research by Marcel Griol and Germaine Dieterlain, French anthropologists who studied dogons from 1931 to 1952, in their article “the Sudanese Sirius system”, published in 1950 in the Journal de la Société des Africanistes. It was there that information first appeared about the triple character of Sirius in the Dogon cosmogony and the stars they knew were invisible to the eye.
An attempt to understand the myths of the Dogon has been undertaken by many researchers. Also attracted scientists excellent knowledge of the people of the starry sky. The North star and the southern Cross are called “Eyes of the world”by the dogons. Alpha of the southern cross — “Double eye of the world”. The star is really double, but astronomers were convinced of this only with the help of telescopes, while the dogons, we recall, did not have any astronomical instruments at hand.
But the main role among the celestial bodies of the dogons is recognized for Sirius. That is evident from the name of this planet, which they call the “navel of the world”. This star is really the brightest in the night sky. According to the Dogons, this star has had the most important and significant impact on the development of our life. Moreover, the tribe knows that Sirius is a star-type system consisting of 3 cosmic luminous bodies. Our scientists have discovered only the first satellite of Sirius, and they continue to argue about the existence of the second one.
You can help preserve the identity of the people by making a donation on the Meridian center’s website
The indigenous population of New Zealand is the Maori people.
Do you know what we’re going to talk about today? No, then I’ll tell you now.
Our planet is beautiful and diverse. There are many Islands on it. Today we will talk about New Zealand. ITS people settled after almost all habitable places on the planet.
The indigenous population of New Zealand is the Maori people. They have a legend about how they arrived in New Zealand on 7 canoes from their ancestral home of Hawai’i. This is the common ancestral home of all Polynesians, according to a more modern version, originally Java.
Maori can be translated as “the fish of Maui”. Maui – a demigod in Maori legends, who caught a huge fish in the ocean, which then turned into an island.
Traditional Maori occupation is slash-and-burn farming. The food was Taro, fern, yams, sweet potatoes. Interestingly, the Maori hunted giant MoA birds, which were exterminated in the XVII – XVIII centuries.
The Maori also had ritual cannibalism. Usually prisoners of war or slain enemies were used for food, since there was a belief that the power of the eaten enemy passed to the one who ate it.
Another interesting Maori tradition is the tattoo that covered the faces and bodies of chiefs and prominent warriors. Tattoo artists (both men and women) were highly respected in Maori society, they earned a lot and were considered inviolable. The main difference between a Maori TA-Moko tattoo and a regular one is that Moko is applied using a special chisel that creates small scars on the skin, rather than using needles. As a result, the skin loses its smoothness, leaving irregularities in it.
Taut Batu tribe
There are many hard-to-reach places on our planet. Such places include the Western part of the Philippine archipelago, Palawan island. In this area in the valley Zingapan at the foot of mount Metalica home to a tribe of taut Batu, or “cave people” or “people of the rocks”. And for this name there are good reasons, because taut Batu during monsoon rains that last for half a year, for many days they live in rock grottoes. This tribe occupies a very small area of only about 180 hectares, which is separated from the outside world by impassable tropical jungles. There are fewer than a hundred people in this tribe. The village is located in the Caldera of an extinct volcano. The river that passes through the Caldera cuts through the rock, forming a cave in it with a length of about 1600m. Overhanging rocks, twisting roots and plants, evoked their own associations in everyone, someone resembled the lost world, someone scenes of the movie “Avatar”. The villagers have moved from caves to huts, and only in a big storm they hide in their old homes.
The cave house, where taut Batu live, has a small extension in front of the entrance, the Inner part of the dwelling is arranged very simply. Just above the rocky floor is a sunbed made of bamboo. This is the “bedroom”. There is almost no furniture, except for a bamboo Cabinet for dishes — Pagi. There is also a special place in the cave where a fire is lit and there are cast-iron pots, as well as a boiler for cooking.
During the monsoon rains, taut Batu are hunted using sarbakans, which are made of bamboo tubes that blow out an arrow. At this time, people eat snails, but also a special kind of Luke skorody, potatoes, rice.
Tribe of the Gurung people
In the Central part of Nepal, there is a tribe of the Gurung people (eng. Gurung, or Tamu). The climate of the Himalayas is harsh and only the strongest survive in it. Since childhood, residents get used to the mountainous terrain, which they move with amazing dexterity. Every rock has been known since childhood. Therefore, they are indispensable guides and porters for tourists.
They count the days according to the Tibetan calendar-lo-tho. Sixty years in one cycle,
Since ancient times, people from the tribe used to extract wild honey. This unusual craft is very dangerous. Every year, for many centuries in Nepal, members of the Gurung ethnic group climb a sheer cliff: surrounded by a swarm of wild bees and putting their lives in danger, they collect wild honey. Twice a year, the most daring Gurung men living in the village of Talo Chipla wear homemade protective gear like mesh hats, as pictured above, for the traditional wild honey hunt. This is not simple honey and not simple bees: Nepalese Apisdorsatalaboriosa is the largest honey bee in the world, and on the slopes of the Himalayas, its nectar has, no less, hallucinogenic properties. These effects have been documented since 401 BC, when Greek soldiers passing through modern Turkey near the Black sea enjoyed similar honey and weakened from intoxication, to this day.
Collect honey, going down and up to the bees on a homemade thin rope ladder. In the tribe, only 9 men are engaged in this craft, they inherited this ancient science from their fathers.
At an altitude of 395 feet on the side of a cliff, hunters for the honey of wild bees (lat. Apis laboriosa) of the Gurung tribe wield long bamboo sticks, cutting off pieces of honeycomb and putting them in a basket covered with leather. As soon as the basket is filled, it is lowered down to the comrades and a new one is raised on the same rope.
Honey hunters never destroy all the nests, because next year there will be nothing to collect, they always leave the nests of bees for the future.
Residents of this region say that every year there are fewer forests and wild places, the population of bees is also decreasing, which threatens the extinction of such a rare species.
Today we will talk about the most interesting people-the Japanese. These are amazing people with unusual traditions and customs for our mentality. Japan has long maintained self-isolation from other countries in the world. Their culture has thousands of years of traditions and customs. They are a very United nation. For many years, it was forbidden to marry non-Japanese people. They called strangers gaijin, but now this word has ceased to have a pejorative meaning and simply means – “foreigner”. Everyone knows this interesting fact – in traditional Japanese homes, hotels, and many offices, it is customary to take off your shoes and wear specially prepared Slippers for guests. Separate Slippers should be worn when going to the toilet. If there is a carpet (tatami) in the house of a Japanese, you should not step on it in any shoes, even in Slippers. Separate traditions and customs differ in eating. Many people know that the Japanese eat with special chopsticks – Hashi. Liquid dishes that cannot be eaten with chopsticks are eaten with a spoon, and at home they are drunk over the edge of the plate. Bread is traditionally cut into small pieces so that each piece can be eaten at a time. It is considered bad form to draw sticks on the table or point them at something. It is customary to eat a piece of food taken from a plate, rather than put it back on the plate. Sushi can be eaten with your hands, only men are allowed to pierce food with chopsticks and only in the family circle or in the company of close friends. In any case, do not stick sticks in the dish – this gesture shows the Japanese extreme disrespect for each other.
It’s no secret that the Japanese are a very private people and only recently we began to learn about this amazing country.
The Japanese very rarely invite guests home. Usually found on neutral territory: in restaurants, cafes and other entertainment venues. We have already said that the Japanese meal is very different from the usual meal for us, Europeans. And at the table, sipping and slurping loudly is considered not only uncultured, but also a sign of great pleasure.
In this country, a wide variety of seafood is available. They eat a lot of sea reptiles. One of the most unusual meals is that they eat live squid. And since squid have suckers, there is a danger that it will stick to the throat and block the person’s access to breathing. But despite this danger, this dish remains quite popular with the Japanese.
This country is also called the land of the Rising sun. Japan is without a doubt a unique state. The ancient traditions of this country have always attracted residents of other countries with their originality and originality.
An interesting fact is that the police in this country do not take bribes at all, i.e. never at all ( which is very important for Slavic countries and not only)) Maybe this fact affects the fact that the capital of Japan is considered the safest capital of the world?
It is also an amazing fact – it is no secret that the Japanese are very punctual. This also applies not only to residents. In Japan, if a train is a minute late, it is considered a very big delay! Imagine, just for a minute! I wish we could instill such punctuality. No one knows how to do this?
The Japanese people have developed a sense of aesthetic pleasure. That’s why Hanami and Momiji are so popular in the land of the rising sun. People every year wait for the arrival of spring or autumn to once again enjoy the colors that nature gives. In the spring and autumn period, parks and squares become objects for admiring, where there is no limit to the riot of colors. Flowers in flowerbeds change each other according to the season.
It is logical that they have a holiday of admiring flowers – this is a holiday of cherry blossoms. Cherry blossom has been a real holiday for the Japanese for more than a century. Here it is called Khans, which means admiring flowers. The tradition of admiring flowers appeared at the Imperial court, and then spread to the whole country. In it, the Japanese saw a deep wash: beauty and the rapid fading of flowers were identified with human life.
Japanese people are always distinguished from other peoples of the world by a respectful attitude to the interlocutor. What their bows are worth. And this is an ancient tradition (ritual). You can’t wait for a handshake, a Pat on the back, a hug. The Japanese maintain a respectful distance of a few steps. Japanese culture values space and isolation. Also, noisy and aggressive behavior is considered disrespectful. They are nice to all the people they meet in life. Curiously, even a direct look can be perceived by these people as rude. They never look directly into his eyes, and take it a little to the side. Direct eye contact is unacceptable and can be perceived as aggressive.
Bows are so ingrained in Japanese culture and are an integral part of it that the Japanese themselves, doing it intuitively, do not think about certain algorithms and situational conditioning. And there are actually a lot of rules! So, while in Japan, most foreigners are likely to be puzzled by the question of the need to bow in a particular everyday situation. The Japanese understand this and forgive us our ignorance. But, in fairness, it should be noted that a timely and correctly executed bow will certainly help you win the favor of the Japanese. It is believed that bows began to spread during the Asuka and Nara periods (538-794 ad) with the arrival of Buddhism in Japan from China. According to this version, bows were used to differentiate the social status of the interlocutors – if you met a person of higher social rank, you should put yourself in a “vulnerable” position. This is similar to how smaller dogs fall on their backs and expose their stomachs at the sight of large ones, and thus Express their submission to show that they do not feel aggression towards their opponent and are not going to fight, accepting their loss in advance. Now most often the bow is used as a greeting.
In modern Japanese society, bows perform many functions that go far beyond their original purpose.
All rules have exceptions. When they communicate with well-known people, friends or relatives, there is no need to bow. Instead, just tilt your head slightly. In very democratic situations, you can even do with a “respectful look”, bowing only mentally. This form of politeness is called mokurei (目礼 mokurei), this word includes hieroglyphs with the meaning 目 (eye) and 礼 (bow). This word also has the homophone MOKUREI 黙礼 (mokurei)which can be translated as “silent bow”.
This country, like its nature, is simply fascinating and makes you think …
The nature of Japan is extremely charming. You can admire it endlessly – it is so diverse and beautiful. Cherry blossoms, an abundance of flowers in summer, bright maples in autumn, snow blankets in winter – this is only a small part of the Japanese charm. The wild nature of Japan was formed taking into account the fact that the country has an island position. The state is located on the stratovolcanic archipelago, which is located off the Pacific coast of Asia, and belongs to the zone with four temperature seasons. The climate here depends on seasonal winds that blow from the continent in winter, and in summer – in the opposite direction.
Sakura. This is a favorite tree of the Japanese, the flowering of which is admired every year by all residents of the country during the Hanami festival. It takes place, as a rule, in early spring – in mid-to late March (the date of celebration is different every year). The celebration begins in the capital, Tokyo, and then continues in other cities and villages. People from all over the world come to this event to see with their own eyes how beautiful the nature of Japan is. But Hanami is a very short treat: the Japanese cherry blossoms for only seven to ten days, after which the petals fall off. Traditional Japan is misty mountains, bodies of water splashing carp, the sacred valley, hidden in the dense forests. According to old paintings, engravings, and books, this country appears to be exactly like this. Of course, modern Japan is different in many ways. But local residents honor and protect the natural beauty of the country, considering it a valuable and important resource. New generations of Japanese are brought up in the spirit of ancient traditions, which means that this corner of the Earth will delight us with its unsurpassed beauty for a long time.