Statistics on the spread of coronavirus today 14 March 2020:
Number of infected : 132199 (+7395 since yesterday)
Number of seriously ill : 7365 (0 since yesterday)
Number of cured : 68595 (+1662 since yesterday)
Number of deaths : 4946 (+358 since yesterday)
The death rate from coronavirus is about 2%
Marburg – 80%, Ebola – 40.4% , H5N1 – 52.8% , Nipah – 77.6%, SARA – 9.6 to% , H1N1 – 17.4%, MERS – 34.4% , H7N9 – 39.3% ,nCov-2019* – 2%
While ordinary people see the coronavirus outbreak as the largest pandemic of the twenty- first century , doctors explain: this is not true — and compare it with the spread of SARS in 2002, Ebola in 2013, and middle East respiratory syndrome in 2015. Although they were considered dangerous at the time of infection, specialists managed to cope with each one .What will be the development of the coronavirus pandemic, whether the borders between countries will soon be opened and when the strain will be localized — these questions concern ordinary people , and experts already have answers to them. Experts compared the spread of COVID-19 with outbreaks of dangerous diseases of the XXI century and made positive forecasts. The best of them : the infection will be overcome worldwide by the summer of 2020.
The new coronavirus is not yet in the TOP 15 most deadly diseases
- Atypical pneumonia was first reported in the Chinese province of Guangdong and is caused by the SARS -CoV coronavirus. Within two months, the strain spread to neighboring Hong Kong and Vietnam, and then to other countries and continents. As with NOVID-19, China did not immediately report the discovery of an unknown strain. As a result: 8,437 patients, 813 deaths, and the government of Vietnam had to close the country to quarantine.
- The 2002 SARS-CoV infection is considered more dangerous than other coronavirus infections. Being a flu-like illness , it led to progressive severe respiratory failure. By 2003, a few months after the virus started spreading, doctors were able to completely localize the virus.
- The Ebola outbreak began in late 2013. The virus has moved to densely populated cities, although it was previously found only in sparsely populated regions of the African jungle. The first fatal case with symptoms of infection was recorded on December 6, 2013 in Guinea. Three days later, the first cases were reported in the capital, Conakry. While SARS-CoV had an average death rate of 10 percent, those infected with Ebola had a 90 percent chance of dying. In 2014, more than 11,000 people died from hemorrhagic fever in West Africa alone. However, in 2016, who reported that the spread of the virus was stopped, and in August 2019, an Ebola vaccine with a degree of action in 90 percent of cases appeared.
- Middle East respiratory syndrome ( MERS ), also caused by the coronavirus strain (MERS -Cov), was first reported in Saudi Arabia in early autumn 2012.By the summer of 2015, the virus was detected in 23 countries , including Yemen, the UAE, France, Germany, Greece, Tunisia and Egypt. At the beginning of 2020, 2506 infected people are known worldwide, of which 912 have died.
Other deadly diseases:
- Cardiovascular diseases
The world health organization (who) estimates that about 17.3 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2008. This is 30% of the total number of deaths in the world. Of these 17.3 million deaths, 7.3 million are from coronary heart disease and 6.2 million are from stroke. At the same time, more than 80% of deaths occur in middle-income countries. To prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, you can stop using tobacco, switch to a healthy diet and increase physical activity.
Due to cancer in 2008 (according to who), 7.6 million people died. This is 13% of all deaths in the world. Cancers such as lung, liver, stomach, breast, and colon cancers are the most common causes of death. About 70% of cancer deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries.Cancer is a malignant tumor and formation that can affect any part of the body. The main cause of death in cancer is metastases – abnormal cells that grow outside their borders and can penetrate and spread to nearby organs and parts of the body. Obesity and high body mass index, lack of fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet, lack of physical activity, Smoking and alcohol consumption are the main risk factors for cancer.
Currently, more than 347 million people are diagnosed with diabetes. In 2004, according to who, 3.4 million people worldwide died from high blood sugar. At the same time, about 80% of deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries. Diabetes is a chronic disease that develops when the pancreas does not produce the necessary amount of insulin, or when the body itself does not cope with the processing of produced insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
Prevention of diabetes is a healthy diet, regular physical activity, Smoking cessation and the fight against excess weight.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
More than 64 million people worldwide suffered from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in 2004. In 2005, according to who, more than 3 million people died from COPD. However, more than 90% of cases occur in low-and middle -income countries. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung disease in which the movement of air from the lungs is disrupted. The disease is incurable , you can only slow it down. The main reason why COPD develops is Smoking.
According to who, diarrhoea is one of the main causes of child mortality. More than 1.5 million children worldwide die from diarrhoea every year. As a rule, these are children under 2 years of age. Diarrhea is a liquid or unformed stool more than 3 times a day, which is a symptom of an intestinal infection. In this case, the child dies from dehydration. The infection is transmitted through contaminated drinking water and food, or from an infected person if hygiene rules are not observed.
According to who, 8.7 million people were infected with tuberculosis in 2011. 1.4 million people died from the disease . More than 95% of deaths occurred in low-and middle -income countries. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the microbacterium tuberculosis ( Koch ‘s Bacillus) and transmitted by airborne droplets . The main source of infection is sputum. About 30% of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis bacteria, but they do not get sick. Risk factors for TB infection are HIV, weakened immune systems , diabetes, malnutrition, and Smoking.
- Hepatitis B and C
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease that affects the liver. It leads to the development of chronic liver disease, increases the risk of cancer and cirrhosis of the liver. The most severe hepatitis virus. According to who, more than 2 billion people in the world are infected with hepatitis. Hepatitis B kills more than 600 thousand people in the world every year. Hepatitis C is one of the most common viruses that affect the liver. About 3-4 million people annually are infected with hepatitis C and More than 350 thousand people from hepatitis C is dying. Hepatitis is transmitted through blood and sexual contact.
- HIV infection
Over the past 30 years, more than 25 million people have died of AIDS , or more than 830,000 people a year. In 2011, there were more than 34 million people infected with HIV. HIV is incurable , but antiretroviral therapy can significantly ease the course of the disease. The human immunodeficiency virus is a disease that primarily affects the immune system, making a person vulnerable to various infections and certain types of cancer. The last stage of HIV is AIDS.
HIV is transmitted through blood, breast milk, and sexual contact.
According to the world health organization, 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2010. For 655 thousand people, the disease ended in death. The highest mortality rate is observed in Africa, where 1 child dies every minute from malaria . More than 80% of deaths occur in 14 African countries , and 80% of malaria cases live in 17 countries around the world. Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted to humans by the bite of mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium parasites . A disease that can be prevented and cured.